I bought 5 of these less than two years ago, though they were the 500 GB model. *Every single one* of them has failed - some within 45 days and *just* outside the return period. The last one, which I honestly forgot was still running and thought I'd replaced, failed this morning. These SSDs are absolute garbage and their warranty replacements are a joke (read: you're outta luck, Chuck). Burn me once, shame on you. Burn me 6 times, well, shame one me for buying them again, I guess. lol. I had one fail prior to this batch, but assumed it was an oddball. **Pro tip**: Never buy Silicon Power (SP) SSDs. I you have any in use, make sure you have backups running daily and that you check those backups every so often. Seems like the 3v3 regulator is what goes out on these, but I'm not going to bother trying to repair it since I've got backups.

Another successful OpenBSD setup I've been buying these little boxes from AliExpress for years to use as firewalls and routers. My oldest one is almost 9 years old now! OpenBSD installs just fine. Just a BIOS tweak to always boot up after power is restored. [@selfhosted]( [#selfhosting]( [#selfhosted]( [#openbsd]( [#runbsd](

Any suggestions for a gigabit modem?
Do you guys have any suggestions for a 1gig ethernet modem that openwrt or ddwrt supports?

Lemmings, what’s your self hosted server power usage?
I'll just come out and say it: 50W. I know, I know an order of magnitude above what's actually needed to host websites, media center and image gallery. But it is a computer I had on-hand and which would be turned on a quarter of the day anyway. And these 50W also warm my home, although this is less efficient than the heat pump, of course. What's your usage? What do you host?

  • Kaldo
  • edit-2
Beginner looking for NAS advice
I'm looking for advice on how to get started with a NAS, probably Synology since it's beginner friendly and often well recommended. I'm thinking of a 2 bay case with 2x4TB HDDs in RAID1 setup. What do I have to look out for in a device to get the best bang for my bucks? My use case: I have various documents, software projects, family pictures, videos that I want to store on something more reliable than a bunch of internal/external HDDs or USB sticks. I have a full \*arr stack and jellyfin but I want to move these to my "server" laptop and docker once NAS is setup, and then host the files on it. For projects I might want to self-host gitea down the line. Some more specific questions: 1. if I go with a 2 bay NAS case, can i also connect my old external drive to it as a separate drive, can they handle USB3 drives? Will it require reformatting since it was used on windows so far? 2. are there any issues with connecting docker ~~drives~~ volumes to a NAS? 3. noise issues - does the NAS itself make a noticeable amount of noise or is it just the drives? 4. whats the life expectancy of a NAS? if it dies, can I just plug the drives into a new one? 5. does syncthing work well with a NAS or is there a better way of syncing local files to the NAS for backup? Sorry for the question dump, just wanted to cover as many possible issues as possible 😅

Wordpress vs. ModX vs. ‘what do you like?’
Hello community, I am looking for a system to replace wordpress. My goal is to build a webpage with a simple start page, an 'about me' and an impressum, so nothing special, but hopefully good looking. I only use open source software, FOSS whenever possible. I have a rough understanding of some HTML, CSS, PHP, but I am happy if my future webpage doesn't rely too heavy on my knowlege of those languages. Wordpress feels very over the top and not many things work out of the box - you have to pay for premium products if you want a functional page, that doesn't look exactly like twenty twenty-two. I wanted to move my wordpress site from one host to another host.. Not easy, unless you pay for a plugin of course. Now I found [ModX](, a CMS which looks like it is much less clunky, has more free 'plugins' and it looks quite intuitive with it's folder structure. My questions: - Has anyone used both CMS and can compare them based on their personal experience? - What CMS or other way do you prefer to build your simple webpage (FOSS only version)?

Follow-up: OpenBSD routers on AliExpress mini PCs I got lots of replies to the last post showing the little OpenBSD internet gateway setup (super interesting; thanks!). Here's more info and pictures: []( Something I've been meaning to share for years now. [@selfhosted]( [#openbsd]( [#selfhosted]( [#selfhosting](

[WORKAROUND] Nextcloud portforward stops working when it is moved to a bridged network
cross-posted to: --- I have the following topology: ![]( The device running Nextcloud (snap) used to be connected to Router A, but I have recently added a bridge (Router B) and I moved Nextcloud's device to that bridged network; however, as soon as Nextcloud was moved to Router B, the portforward on Router A seemed to stop working -- as in I cannot connect to nexcloud from the public IP anymore. Bridges operate at layer 2, so this *should* make no difference whatsoever (this is reflected in the fact that other services (like SSH) still work perfectly fine portforwarded -- it's only Nextcloud that doesn't work), which leads me to think that it is a Layer 7 (i.e. Nextcloud) issue. What's going on here? How can Nextcloud even tell that it's been placed on a bridged network? **EDIT (2024-01-16T00:19Z):** I performed a network capture on the device running Nextcloud, and it appears that it's receiving the incoming request (`SYN`), and responds appropriately (`SYN, ACK`), but then Router B responds with `Destination unreachable (Network unreachable)`, which is then, of course, followed by many requests for retransmission as the packets are being dropped. But what's causing the packets to be dropped? Why aren't they making it through the network? **EDIT (2024-01-25T08:37Z):** I'm not 100% sure what the previous problem was, but I think that it had to do with [the bridge]( that I was using -- not necessarily that it was broken, but perhaps it was jsut incompatible with the setup in some way. What I ended up doing was buying [a different router that supported WDS](, and then I created a WDS bridge between the two routers. The network seems to be working reliably, and as expected now.

Pinry, the open-source tiling image board
Pinry is like Pinterest, but open source and you can very easily self-host it. I just installed it a few days ago and it's really easy to learn; I've saved a few images in it that I wanted to keep. It's very handy, IMO. This is the first self-hosted app I've installed that I think my family will want to use as well. Now, my SO and I can share pictures of things we want to work on around the house and such, and my kid can share pics of the dogs. Not exactly essential software but fun nonetheless! The install via Docker was very easy. Just [follow these steps]( Just ***don't*** do what I did at first and follow the readme from [a now out of date github repo]( That doesn't work any more. The source is here - Once you have it up, there's a bookmarklet visible from the home page that makes it very easy to "post" an image from any other site to your Pinry site in just a couple of clicks. There are Chrome and Firefox extensions instead, if you prefer. But wait - there's more! There's also an API included which would allow you to, for instance, post a Pin to your boards from the console via curl. All in all, this is good stuff and I thank the team who are working on it very much.

This looks like an amazing little box that can do almost anything. I'm wondering how people feel about the pricepoint $679 early bird $839 msrp I'd love to grab one to use as a router/firewall, plus run any homelabbing containers I have on my NAS. How's the value proposition stack up? Price looks great to me considering the cpu and connectivity it offers. Edit: Additional info [serve the home sponsored video]( sponsored but still really really informative. There's a section near the end going through a tons of ideas of how to utilize the pci slot, including epanding nvme storage, external sas, extra networking etc. seems you can get over 40gb extra throughput from that port. [Forum thread for pci slot compatibility ](

OpenSubtitles Hostility
So this isn't meant to be a post bashing the devs/owner of OpenSubtitles. This is meant simply as awareness. A few months ago I signed up for the VIP tier at OST ($5/mo for 1000 downloads a day) for a bit to populate my catalogue of videos with subtitles as my father uses my Jellyfin server and he's lost a lot of his hearing. I also wanted to support the development a bit. At first the service seemed to be downloading a bit, but then it stopped. I waited a few days and it would download at most one or two a day (despite a few thousand videos not having any subtitles). I look around online and found that OST had changed their API and the Jellyfin plugin still needed to catch-up with a newer release. No big deal, so I just waited. Then the update released which specifically stated that the changes to the API calls were made. I waited a few days, nothing. I uninstalled the OST plugin and reinstalled, still nothing. So I figured something was wrong either on my end or the server-side, but I didn't want to bother getting into it. I've been planning to rebuild my Jellyfin server with newer hardware with HW acceleration for decoding and encoding. I sent an email to OST support explaining what I've been seeing and asked if I could get a refund. The person who responded asked for logs so that they could help troubleshoot. So I obliged. ![Email response from OpenSubtitles support confirming there was an issue]( They said it wasn't much help and to get even more logs. Which I provided again. ![Screenshot of user CeeBee providing logs via email to OpenSubtitles support]( I even removed over 14 thousand "[query]" lines to make the logs more readable. They said there wasn't anything there that was useful, and asked me to try again. I indicated that Jellyfin has a scheduled job that checks for missing subtitles and pulls as needed once a day. But I said that at this point I'm just looking for the refund. A while passes by but then I get a notification that the subscription is going to be renewed again, so I cancelled before that happened and reached out again about the refund. At this point it was more about the principle of the matter as I originally just asked for a refund and that got side-stepped into a support request. Then I got this as a response: ![Email response from OpenSubtitles support being aggressive and accusatory]( Which resulted in this: ![Email response from OpenSubtitles support saying "I'm tired of you" and deleted my account]( I waited over two weeks to write this post. I wanted to wait and see if somebody replied back to me with even just an apology or something. If they had originally told me that doing refunds is hassle for them I would have let it go. But telling me off and then deleting my account is just... special. I was astonished at the response and cannot fathom that being the response from any company taking payments for a service. And I'm not holding a grudge of any kind and I get it, I used to do IT support and some days can be tough dealing with annoying emails. But in my defence all I asked for was a refund because something wasn't working. In any case, I just wanted to bring this to the attention of the Self-hosting community so that others can make more informed decisions. To be clear, I'm not advocating anyone to pull support. In face I think they should have more support as it's an invaluable service. Despite the treatment I still plan on getting the VIP subscription again at some point after I rebuild my Jellyfin server. But I also don't think that customers should be treated like this.

Advice for buulding a cheep NAS
Hey guys ive been self hosting things for a while now mostly just off a bunch if old computers in a k8s cluster. The majour issue i have currently is all my data is on a single hdd in an old dektop. Its painfully slow and very risky as i have no backup or anything (i dont feel to great about that). I really dont have much $ to spend hence my setup is built from a stack of practically ewaste hobbled together. I finally have the $ to buy some drives how should i go about building myself a nas on the cheap?

i3-8100 vs g3930
Hello selfhosters, I have opportunity for free CPU upgrade from g3930 to i3-8100, but not sure is it worth? Server ATM is happy DIY PC build made from desktop components: + MBO: MSI Z270-A PRO + CPU: intel G3930 + RAM: DDR4 8GB + PSU: ATX 550W + plus storage and no GPU Im running debian with 30+ containers (*arrs, jellyfin, nextcloud, pihole, npm and many more) and its amazing for our needs (2 users), pulls around 20-25 W on idle from the wall. I could use bit more juice to speed up Nextcloud for example and maybe to be able to transcode 4K in the future (don't have any 4K screen yet)? Not sure if this upgrade can help at all? Now I got i3-8100 for free, but not sure is there any downside like extra power usage on idle? I would like to avoid replacing CPU for unnoticable performance increase. Comparing specs its pure upgrade and i3 is 2x more expensive. One of them will probably end up like e-waste in one of the hidden boxes that I keep away from everyone including myself :D All suggestions are welcome

Raspberry Pi 1 B projects?
I have an old Pi hanging around doing nothing. When I originally got it it had the latest Pi OS with desktop loaded and ran like garbage, not surprisingly. So I messed with it headless for a bit, then found [RISCOS]( as an option in Pi imager utility and that is just a neat OS. Fun to play around with for sure. But now I'm wondering what else I could use the old thing for. I see folks run Pihole on it, but I've already got 2 instances of Adguard Home running. Could this handle Syncthing? Or would the data transfer be so bad it's not worth it? Wouldn't mind having an off-site backup device at my parents house if it would work. Anyone else got one in their homelab?

[FOLLOWUP] Sound proofing and cooling server cabinet
A few months ago, I did a [post]( about my plan to upgrade my server rack. A user with the sweet sounding name of [@dauerstaender]( requested a follow up, so here we are. ## Open bottom and fans As mentioned in the original post, a huge point was the open bottom. Together with my pops, I made a piece of plywood to seal off the hole and to mount four 120mm fans with dust filters. ![Open bottom][1] ![Plywood board][2] ![Plywood board in server rack][3] ![Plywood board in server rack with fans][4] I used Noctua's [NF-P12 redux-1300 PWM]( fans. They are dead silent on medium-low speed, support PWM signals between 0.0 (off) and 1.0 (full speed), have Noctua's high quality standards, and are quite affordable for a 4-pin PWM fan with roughly 14.50 € (15.88$) each. The two holes in the back are for in and outgoing cables but as there are only a couple of cables that have to be led outside I kept them quite small. Instead of magnetic strips, I just used the screws that I took to fasten the fans for the dust filters as well. ![Plywood board from the bottom][5] I also swapped the old 80mm 3-pin chassis fans of my server for 4-pin PWM fans from the Noctua redux-series and tweaked the fan curve a bit. I will have to do this again when I move as the server is at the attic right now and it is winter here. ![Server fans][6] The plywood board and fan swapped alone helped a lot to reduce noise. Right now, the server rack produce less noise then my work laptop when it is under medium load... ## Fan controller After some baby steps by getting used with my power supply and wiring up a single fan, I managed to implement a temperature sensor, a level shifter to raise the 3.3V PWM signal from the Pi to a 5V signal which the fan expects, and a circuit to read the RPM on the open collector (never heard that term before...) of the third pin of the fan. ![Baby steps][7] ![Baby steps 2][8] ![Baby steps 3][9] ![Finished baby steps][10] The code for the controller and some further information can be found [here]( Here is the ~~final~~ *temporary* solution as it currently hangs in my server rack. ![]( It also has a function to export data via Prometheus to Grafana to monitor the temperature and fan speed. ## Sound proofing As of now, the quieter fans and the plywood board suffice but in the end I will use something like Basotect to clad the inner sides of the rack and to seal of the cable ducts. But that will wait until I have everything else done. ## Outlook As mentioned in the repository, I want to learn to design a PCB with a everything on it to ditch the breadboard, additional circuitry, fan hub, etc. I already did some research and it seems quite possible that I am able to do that. But that will take some time :D Afterwards, I will design a printable case to make it look a bit slicker. And I have to fix a bug in my script. Quite randomly, the fan controller spin up all fans to maximum speed for one cycle (30 seconds) and I don't know why, yet... ![Grafana][11] ___ All in all, it is really a fun project although I had to learn quite a lot for it but Linux, and genuinely basic Python and electronics. If you want to know more feel free to look into my repo, drop a message or comment. Also, I appreciate any hint or help :) [1]: [2]: [3]: [4]: [5]: [6]: [7]: [8]: [9]: [10]: [11]:

Highlights Welcome to the first Immich release of 2024, v1.92.0. This release is packed with features, bug fixes, and improvements. Let’s dive into some of the highlights of this release. [BREAKING CHANGE] The welcome message for your instance is now moved to the Server Setting in the Settings section in the Administration page on the web Hardening storage template move operation: verify files are copied correctly when operating across filesystem boundaries External domain setting: allow the usage of a different domain for shared links Native hash calculation on iOS: significantly speeds up the initial hash calculation Introduce Onboarding flow for new instances: Show the admin common settings of the instance for a better user experience. CLI version 2.0.6 was released on npm: Search is now working across the partner’s assets.

Netflix on AndroidTV still blocks me with wireguard connection
Hey guys, I selfhost a server at home where I run a couple of services. Wireguard is one of them. I also have another house where I live every couple of weeks for a few days. Netflix blocked me on the second house for account sharing. As I run my own wireguard and the tv in the second house runs AndroidTV I created a wireguard config (I run wg-easy) and installed the official Wireguard app on AndroidTV. Sadly netflix still blocks me which is weird because all traffic of that tv seems to be running over the tunnel. Here is the config: ` [Interface] PrivateKey = XXX Address = DNS = MTU = 1420 [Peer] PublicKey = XXX PresharedKey = XXX AllowedIPs = PersistentKeepalive = 0 Endpoint = vpn.XXXde:51820 ` I also posted this on reddit selfhosted where it sadly got removed. Some suggestions were that somehow DNS requests or IPv6 traffic still got through without using the wireguard tunnel which doesn't make much sense because usually the wireguard app puts everything through the tunnel. I also edited the conf to also tunnel all ipv6 traffic with adding ::/0 under allowed IPs but that also didn't resolved the problem. Is there anything else I could try? Are there different solutions? I'm aware that there are other approaches to this problem (using Jellyfin) but I really want to figure out this problem as it doesn't make any sense to me. The whole traffic should be going over my home server and it seems it doesn't. Has anyone gotten this kind of setup to work? Thanks for any help, have a good day!

Kubernetes? docker-compose? How should I organize my container services in 2024?
Currently, I run Unraid and have all of my services' setup there as docker containers. While this is nice and easy to setup initially, it has some major downsides: - It's fragile. Unraid is prone to bugs/crashes with docker that take down my containers. It's also not resilient so when things break I have to log in and fiddle. - It's mutable. I can't use any infrastructure-as-code tools like terraform, and configuration sort of just exist in the UI. I can't really roll back or recover easily. - It's single-node. Everything is tied to my one big server that runs the NAS, but I'd rather have the NAS as a separate fairly low-power appliance and then have a separate machine to handle things like VMs and containers. So I'm looking ahead and thinking about what the next iteration of my homelab will look like. While I like unraid for the storage stuff, I'm a little tired of wrangling it into a container orchestrator and hypervisor, and I think this year I'll split that job out to a dedicated machine. I'm comfortable with, and in fact prefer, IaC over fancy UIs and so would love to be able to use terraform or Pulumi or something like that. I would prefer something multi-node, as I want to be able to tie multiple machines together. And I want something that is fault-tolerant, as I host services for friends and family that currently require a lot of manual intervention to fix when they go down. So the question is: how do you all do this? Kubernetes, docker-compose, Hashicorp Nomad? Do you run k3s, Harvester, or what? I'd love to get an idea of what people are doing and why, so I can get some ideas as to what I might do.

In the lght of recent events (gloogel complaining about uBlock) I tried to investigate other available options out there. While definitely works, it looks like it is only fluid for popular videos, and as soon as I want to watch something a little more obscure, it is basically impossible, I have infinite wheel spinning. Have anyone here tried self hosting Piped/ Invidious, and could share a feedback about performance /usability ?

What’s wrong with using cloudflared?
I read a comment on here some time ago where the person said they were using cloudflared to expose some of their self-hosted stuff to the Internet so they can access it remotely. I am currently using it to expose my RSS feed reader, and it works out fine. I also like the simplicity of Cloudflare's other offerings. Any thoughts on why cloudflared is not a good idea? What alternatives would you suggest? How easy/difficult are they to setup?

Not my newsletter, just a good community share

Server Hardware?
Hey, I want to dip my feet into self-hosting, but i find the hardware side of things very daunting. I want to self host a Minecraft server (shocking, i know), and i’ve actually done this before both on my own PC and through server hosts. I’d like to run a Plex server as well (Jellyfin is champ now it sounds like? So maybe that instead), but I imagine the Minecraft server is going to be the much more intensive side of things, so if it can handle that, plex/jellyfin will be no issue. The issue is, I can’t seem to find good resources on the hardware side of building a server. I’m finding it very difficult to “map out” what I need, I don’t want to skimp out and end up with something much less powerful than what I need, but i also don’t want to spend thousands of dollars on something extremely overkill. I looked through the sidebar, but it seems to mostly cover the software side of things. Are there any good resources on this?

App that tracks prices on websites?
Hello fellow self-hosters! I am looking for an app/tool/macro/etc that can screen-scrape or API ping various merchants to track prices on specific products. Think [camelcamelcamel]( but for any merchant. I have to believe such a tool exists and I'm not the first person to think of it. In an ideal world, I'd like it to be able to dump the data into a spreadsheet so that I can track/graph it. But that's not a requirement. Does such a tool exist? Thanks!

Hosting websites over 4g
I have been hosting a few websites from my home server and it has taught me a lot. I have recently had major issues with the electrical storms, Kogan NBN support (Australia), and the NBN network in general. I know 4g is not fast, but I would like to use it so that in the event of a network outage, im not at the mercy of NBN. On to the question! I run pfsense in hyper v with a 4 port nic which passes through those ports to pfsense. I realized that 4g ip addresses are not public, which stops me from hosting the websites. Reading into wireguard and vpn services my plan is to: - Set up a VPS ✅ - Set up wireguard on the VPS ✅ - Create a wireguard connection on my windows server, and pass that in as an interface to pfsense, so that hopefully, I wont need to change to much on my internal infrastructure. Does this sound like an OK plan? I'm open to any other ideas where I can achieve the following: web app >> nginx >> pfsense >> vpn tunnel >> VPS with Public IP (can be dynamic) Thanks!---

Planning on setting up Proxmox and moving most services there. Some questions
I am currently running most of my stuff from an unraid box using spare parts I have. It seems like I am hitting my limit on it and just want to turn it into a NAS. Micro PCs/USFF are what I am planning on moving stuff to (probably a cluster of 2 for now but might expand later.). Just a few quick questions: 1. Running arr services on a proxmox cluster to download to a device on the same network. I don't think there would be any problems but wanted to see what changes need to be done. 2. Which micro PCs are you running? I am leaving towards HP prodesk or Lenovo 7xx/9xx series around 200 each. I don't really plan on getting more than 2-3 and don't run too many things, but would want enough overhead if I switch stuff over to home assistant and windows and Linux VMs if needed. 3. Any best practices you recommend when starting a Proxmox cluster? I've learned over time it's best to set it up correctly than try to fix stuff when it's running. I wish I could coach myself from 7 years ago now. Would of saved a lot of headaches lol.

Lighter weight replacements for Sentry bug logging
I love Sentry, but it's very heavy. It runs close to 50 Docker containers, some of which use more than 1GB RAM each. I'm running it on a VPS with 10GB RAM and it barely fits on there. They used to say 8GB RAM is required but [bumped it to 16GB RAM]( after I started using it. It's built for large-scale deployments and has a nice scalable enterprise-ready design using things like Apache Kafka, but I just don't need that since all I'm using it for is tracking bugs in some relatively small C# and JavaScript projects, which may amount to a few hundred events per week if that. I don't use any of the fancier features in Sentry, like the live session recording / replay or the performance analytics. I could move it to one of my 16GB or 24GB RAM systems, but instead I'm looking to evaluate some lighter-weight systems to replace it. What I need is: - Support for C# and JavaScript, including mapping stack traces to original source code using debug symbols for C# and source maps for JavaScript. - Ideally supports React component stack traces in JS. - Automatically group the same bugs together, if multiple people hit the same issue - See how many users are affected by a bug - Ignore particular errors - Mark a bug as "fixed in next release" and reopen it if it's logged again in a new release - Associate bugs with GitHub issues - Ideally supports login via OpenID Connect Any suggestions? Thanks!

Noob question about PiHole
Hy everyone, I have a PiHole instance running on my home server, and I changed my router (Fritz box) DNS in order to use my PiHole. Everything runs great. I was wondering if I can put another DNS provider on my "alternative DNS server" in my router, in order to have a fallback alternative in case my server is down, or if I should avoid it. I'm asking this because I don't know if the request will be handled in parallel between the two DNS provider (that would make my PiHole useless) or not. Thank you.

How often do you back up?
I was wondering how often does one choose to make and keep back ups. I know that “It depends on your business needs”, but that is rather vague and unsatisfying, so I was hoping to hear some heuristics from the community. Like say I had a workstation/desktop that is acting as a server at a shop (taking inventory / sales receipts) and would be using something like timeshift to keep snapshots. I feel like keeping two daily and a weekly would be alright for a store, since the two most recent would not be too old or something. I also feel like using the hourly snapshots would be too taxing on a CPU and might be using to much disk space.

How do you work / mount with files stored on your Synology NAS on Ubuntu linux?
Hi all, I recently decided to make the switch from Windows to Ubuntu (Pop_OS) and I'm struggling to setup my NAS on my new OS. I can mount my folders without issues and access them on different file managers (Nemo, Dolphin), but I'm having issues accessing them *from my installed applications*. For example if I want to modify tags for my audio files (which takes 80% on my Synology drives) I cannot find them in the application(s). I can't right click on the files and use 'open with' and I cannot drag n' drop the files to the tag editor, so I try to find the with the applications: - Ex Falso:  no network share is available on the sidebar / navigation bar, nothing in 'other locations' - Puddletag: same - NTag : same How are we supposed to make this work? I just want to be able to access my files without having to download them on my local disk and send them back to my Synology every time I want to do this.

Help with Tailscale uninstall
I recently decided to switch to proper wireguard instead of tailscale and finally be fully opensource on my home server, however, when I uninstalled Tailscale I lost internet on the server. I've tried editing the resolv.conf and rebooting a couple times but I can't find anything else and I am square out of ideas. Has anyone experienced this and know a fix? My main server is running ubuntu server 23.10. Editing this to say I'm dumb and anyone who has this issue in the future. I ran netplan try and it fixed itself.

How are you hosting your ebooks?
I assumed everyone was using Calibre, but recent searches suggest that isn't always the case

Gerbera is a UPnP media server. I've used it (and it's predecessor mediatomb) for many years. Rock solid. Works well with VLC.

Joplin alternative needed
Hi guys! I think I'm over Joplin. Don't get me wrong, it's simple, it works, but… why is it Postgres db…. I have the server on a small box with like 250 GB of space and backing it up with kopia to Backblaze with free 10 GB, so I'm a bit storage cautious. With each snapshot, it seems like a good chunk of the database changes, even when I don't use Joplin that day. That results in kopia backing up those changed files, and backups keep growing. Right now the Joplin database is like 200Mb, BUT when I export the notes from the app… all of them weigh 2Mb… including images. Yes there is versioning of notes, but they shouldn't be that big after one-two months lol. I know I know, I'm being a bit weird about it, but I'm getting daily notifications about backups and I see how they grow each day. Anyway, do you have any alternatives that have an app on iOS and on Linux? Or should I just use Apple Notes in the browser? Thanks EDIT: The answer was easier than I thought. Just don’t back it up, it’s synced which means each device has a copy of it anyway so there is not really need for it, thanks !

What is your favourite selfhosted wiki software and why?
There are a ton of options listed on the [Awesome Selfhosted list]( I'm on the search for a FOSS option that I can use to document my homelab and personal tech projects. Right now, I'm leaning towards wiki.js Edit: [similar question](

Hetzner Server auction worth it?
Hello, recently I have started to see the limit's of vps's and have been thinking about getting a hetzner dedicated server from the auction. My question is are they worth it and if so what would be the best way to make use of them. By that I mean should I get something like proxmox on it and make use if it that way, or install a stable os like debian and have it all installed in docker making use of the pure power of the system that way? Edit: My use case for my server vps is my main website, but I also host a lot of alternative frontend' and some other thing like a feed reader (miniflux) and other things like that, that with time I have accumulated and if I wanted to have them all running well would either have to spend money in uograding one vps, or buy multiple smaller one's. In both cases this could end up quite costly. Reason I can't do it on my own hardare is space contraint's, part's avalibility where I live and prices. They are high. Edit2: If there is any other good alernartive dedicated server peovider that won't break a bank like hetzner, please recommend them.

Pi-Hole or something else for network ad blocking?
I've been aware of pi-hole for a while now, but never bothered with it because I do most web browsing on a laptop where browser extensions like uBlock origin are good enough. However, with multiple streaming services starting to insert adds into my paid subscriptions, I'm looking to upgrade to a network blocker that will also cover the apps on my smart TV. I run most of my self hosted services on a proxmox server, so I'd like something that'll run as an LXC container or a VM. I'm also vaguely aware that various competing applications have come out since pi-hole first gained popularity. Is pi-hole still the best thing going, or are there better options?

Best Way To Mount A Directory on Boot
Basically I have a Navidrome container and it's pointing at my music in a network mounted folder, what's the best way to ensure that it's always there, even after a reboot of my Pi?

    Create a post

    A place to share alternatives to popular online services that can be self-hosted without giving up privacy or locking you into a service you don’t control.


    1. Be civil: we’re here to support and learn from one another. Insults won’t be tolerated. Flame wars are frowned upon.

    2. No spam posting.

    3. Posts have to be centered around self-hosting. There are other communities for discussing hardware or home computing. If it’s not obvious why your post topic revolves around selfhosting, please include details to make it clear.

    4. Don’t duplicate the full text of your blog or github here. Just post the link for folks to click.

    5. Submission headline should match the article title (don’t cherry-pick information from the title to fit your agenda).

    6. No trolling.


    Any issues on the community? Report it using the report flag.

    Questions? DM the mods!

    • 0 users online
    • 271 users / day
    • 736 users / week
    • 1.84K users / month
    • 4.62K users / 6 months
    • 1 subscriber
    • 2.32K Posts
    • Modlog
    A generic Lemmy server for everyone to use.

    The World’s Internet Frontpage Lemmy.World is a general-purpose Lemmy instance of various topics, for the entire world to use.

    Be polite and follow the rules (

    Get started

    See the Getting Started Guide

    Donations 💗

    If you would like to make a donation to support the cost of running this platform, please do so at the donation URLs:

    Open Collective backers and sponsors


    LW Legal & Help Center


    Join the team 😎

    Check out our team page to join

    Questions / Issues

    • Questions/issues post to Lemmy
    • To open a ticket Static Badge
    • Reporting is to be done via the reporting button under a post/comment.

    More Lemmy.World

    Mastodon Follow



    Alternative UIs

    Monitoring / Stats 🌐

    Mozilla HTTP Observatory Grade

    Lemmy.World is part of the FediHosting Foundation